Advantages and disadvantages of microprocessors

Advantages and disadvantages of microprocessors
Advantages and disadvantages of microprocessors

Microprocessors are the controller unit that is been fabricated in small size to perform multiple operations and also they are much more capable to communicate with other devices.

The microprocessor contains arithmetic, logic, and control circuits required to perform the functions and tasks of the computer system.

The central processing unit (CPUs) is the single integrated circuit called the microprocessors, and it is a programmable, multipurpose clock driver, a register-based electronic device that only reads binary instructions.

Advantages of microprocessor

  • The microprocessor is a general-purpose electronic processing device, which may be used for a number of tasks.
  • Compact in size.
  • High speed
  • Low power consumption.
  • It is very reliable
  • It is portable
  • They generate less heat
  • It is a versatile device
  • The speed of the microprocessor is high, it is capable of completing 3 billion tasks per second.
  • They had the ability to move data between various memory locations.
  • The works with 100% accuracy
  • Less expensive
  • Most modern technologies are been built with the microprocessor.

Explanation for advantages of microprocessor

The general-purpose electronic processing device

The microprocessor is the general-purpose processing device that may be used for multiple tasks, we can use this processing unit to perform a large number of operations.

Compact size

The compactness of the microprocessor is another advantage of this unit, most of the high-end use microprocessors as the central unit.

Low power consumption

The less power consumption-ability of the microprocessor is one of the advantages, very less energy consumption is an important feature that may be useful for a processing unit.

Less expensive  

The product cost of the microprocessor is very less.

Most modern technologies use microprocessor

Most modern technologies use a microprocessor, this is due to they handle multiple sensors and devices.

Disadvantages of microprocessor

  • Overheating
  • It is only based on machine language
  • They need large size PCB for assembling all components.
  • Products designed using microprocessor requires more time
  • Most microprocessor does not support floating-point operations.
  • The microprocessors have the limitation of the size of data.
  • They don’t have contact with other external devices.
  • They don’t have an internal peripheral like ROM, RAM, and other I/O devices.
  • They are been easily damaged with improper electric supply.
  • Production of the microprocessor is a tedious process.
  • Very limited operation temperature

Explanation for disadvantages of microprocessor 


The microprocessor will naturally produce a high amount of heat, the fault-like ventilation, and dust at locations cause overheating in the processing unit.

Machine language

The microprocessor mainly uses assemble language or elemental language for programming and it is just like binary number sets, so it is a very difficult task nowadays.

Large space needs at PCBs

The microprocessor chip and whole system need a large space at PCBs, this is due to a whole bunch of components which is been compact to form a system.

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